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Article Id 198742

The link control protocol (LCP) frames are transmitted during the link establishment and termination phases, and periodically during the life of the link.
It is used to negotiate the configuration of the PPP link, and to test and maintain the link, once it is established.

This article describes how to modify the LCP Echo timer in L2TP VPN.

Related document.

- Basically LCP  Echo-Request and Echo-Reply are used as a keep alive for the link/L2TP VPN.
- The default time interval in seconds between PPPoE Link Control Protocol (LCP) echo requests is 5sec and it could be modified between 0 to 32767.
- The default Maximum number of missed LCP echo messages before disconnect is 3 and it can be modified between 0 to 32767.

L2TP Debug.

SND: LCP Echo_Request id(14) len(8) [Magic_Number 5c33c6bb]
l2tp_ppp_send()-395: tunnel=52
No response to 3 echo-requests <----- Missed LCP echo messages before disconnection.
Serial link appears to be disconnected.
ipcp: down ppp:0x7f7940007000 caller:0x1872e100 tun:-1
SND: LCP Termiate_Request id(6) len(23)
l2tp_ppp_send()-395: tunnel=52
SND: LCP Termiate_Request id(7) len(23)
l2tp_ppp_send()-395: tunnel=52
Connection terminated.

CLI Syntax.

# config vpn l2tp
    set lcp-echo-interval “integer” >> Enter an integer value from <0> to <32767> (default = <5>).
    set lcp-max-echo-fails “integer” >> Enter an integer value from <0> to <32767> (default = <3>).