FortiGate
FortiGate Next Generation Firewall utilizes purpose-built security processors and threat intelligence security services from FortiGuard labs to deliver top-rated protection and high performance, including encrypted traffic.
ekrishnan
Staff
Staff
Description

This article describes the working of Link Monitor ICMP probing when it is being active and inactive.

To show that FortiGate still probes the health check server via the FortiGate interface.

Scope FortiGate.
Solution

When the link monitor is inactive, can remove the failed link from the routing table and this article shows what is the background when there is no default route on routing table and how does probing still occurs, the following examples are provided below,


Config done for PORT3 and set server to 8.8.8.8.

 

FGT # show sys link-monitor
config system link-monitor
    edit "1"
        set srcintf "port3"
        set server "8.8.8.8"
        set gateway-ip 10.47.15.254
        set update-policy-route disable
    next
end

 

Routing table showing the defaul route via port3.

 

FGT # get router info routing-table all
Codes: K - kernel, C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, B - BGP
O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area
* - candidate default

Routing table for VRF=0
S* 0.0.0.0/0 [10/0] via 10.47.31.254, port3, [3/0] <----- DEFAULT ROUTE.
C 10.47.0.0/20 is directly connected, port3
C 10.47.16.0/20 is directly connected, port1
C 10.232.0.0/22 is directly connected, port2


FGT # diagnose sniffer packet port3 'host 8.8.8.8' 4 0 l <----- TESTING PROBING FOR THE INTERFACE, IT IS POSSIBLE TO SEE THE REQUEST AND REPLY PACKET AS THE LINK MONITOR IS ACTIVE.
Using Original Sniffing Mode
interfaces=[port3]
filters=[host 8.8.8.8]
2022-09-12 15:11:05.111151 port3 -- 10.47.2.106 -> 8.8.8.8: icmp: echo request
2022-09-12 15:11:05.113606 port3 -- 8.8.8.8 -> 10.47.2.106: icmp: echo reply
2022-09-12 15:11:05.614420 port3 -- 10.47.2.106 -> 8.8.8.8: icmp: echo request
2022-09-12 15:11:05.617194 port3 -- 8.8.8.8 -> 10.47.2.106: icmp: echo reply
2022-09-12 15:11:06.117835 port3 -- 10.47.2.106 -> 8.8.8.8: icmp: echo request
2022-09-12 15:11:06.119121 port3 -- 8.8.8.8 -> 10.47.2.106: icmp: echo reply
2022-09-12 15:11:06.612113 port3 -- 10.47.2.106 -> 8.8.8.8: icmp: echo request
2022-09-12 15:11:06.614613 port3 -- 8.8.8.8 -> 10.47.2.106: icmp: echo reply
2022-09-12 15:11:07.115256 port3 -- 10.47.2.106 -> 8.8.8.8: icmp: echo request
2022-09-12 15:11:07.117122 port3 -- 8.8.8.8 -> 10.47.2.106: icmp: echo reply
2022-09-12 15:11:07.617935 port3 -- 10.47.2.106 -> 8.8.8.8: icmp: echo request
2022-09-12 15:11:07.620604 port3 -- 8.8.8.8 -> 10.47.2.106: icmp: echo reply
^C
14 packets received by filter
0 packets dropped by kernel

 

Changing the health-check to a non_working server.

 

FGT# config sys link-monitor
FGT (link-monitor) # edit 1
FGT (1) # set server 4.4.4.4 <----- Non-working server.
FGT (1) # end


FGT # get router info routing-table all
Codes: K - kernel, C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, B - BGP
O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area
* - candidate default

Routing table for VRF=0<----- ROUTE ASSOCIATED WITH PORT3 IS REMOVED.
C 10.47.0.0/20 is directly connected, port3
C 10.47.16.0/20 is directly connected, port1
C 10.232.0.0/22 is directly connected, port2

 

The below justifies that even when the static route is associated with the port, the FortiGate interface will still send probe to the server.

 

FGT # diagnose sniffer packet port3 'icmp' 4 0 l <-----TESTING PROBING FOR THE PORT3 INTERFACE, IT IS ONLY POSSIBLE TO SEE REQUEST PACKETS.
Using Original Sniffing Mode
interfaces=[port3]
filters=[icmp]
2022-09-12 15:12:12.846581 port3 -- 10.47.2.106 -> 4.4.4.4: icmp: echo request
2022-09-12 15:12:13.347184 port3 -- 10.47.2.106 -> 4.4.4.4: icmp: echo request
2022-09-12 15:12:13.847876 port3 -- 10.47.2.106 -> 4.4.4.4: icmp: echo request
2022-09-12 15:12:14.348557 port3 -- 10.47.2.106 -> 4.4.4.4: icmp: echo request
2022-09-12 15:12:14.839245 port3 -- 10.47.2.106 -> 4.4.4.4: icmp: echo request
2022-09-12 15:12:15.339899 port3 -- 10.47.2.106 -> 4.4.4.4: icmp: echo request
2022-09-12 15:12:15.840569 port3 -- 10.47.2.106 -> 4.4.4.4: icmp: echo request
2022-09-12 15:12:16.341178 port3 -- 10.47.2.106 -> 4.4.4.4: icmp: echo request
2022-09-12 15:12:16.841901 port3 -- 10.47.2.106 -> 4.4.4.4: icmp: echo request
2022-09-12 15:12:17.342536 port3 -- 10.47.2.106 -> 4.4.4.4: icmp: echo request
^C
10 packets received by filter
0 packets dropped by kernel

 

CORRECTING THE SERVER TO 8.8.8.8.

 

FGT # config sys link-monitor
FGT (link-monitor) # edit 1
FGT (1) # set server 8.8.8.8
FGT (1) # end


Default route associated with the Port3 is added back to routing table.

 

FGT # get router info routing-table all
Codes: K - kernel, C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, B - BGP
O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area
* - candidate default

Routing table for VRF=0
S* 0.0.0.0/0 [10/0] via 10.47.31.254, port3, [3/0]<----- ROUTE IS ADDED BACK.
C 10.47.0.0/20 is directly connected, port3
C 10.47.16.0/20 is directly connected, port1
C 10.232.0.0/22 is directly connected, port2

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