FortiGate
FortiGate Next Generation Firewall utilizes purpose-built security processors and threat intelligence security services from FortiGuard labs to deliver top-rated protection and high performance, including encrypted traffic.
vpereira
Staff
Staff
Article Id 191437

Description

 

This article shows how to control the SSL version and the Cipher Suites used in the SSL Handshake for the SSL VPN configured on FortiGate Firewalls.


Scope


The FortiGate unit supports multiple SSL Versions and cryptographic cipher suites to match the capabilities of various web browsers by default.
The web browser and the FortiGate negotiate a cipher suite before any information (for example, a user name and password) is transmitted over the SSL link.


Solution


SSL Version and encryption key algorithms for SSL VPN can only be configured in the FortiGate CLI.

Use the following commands to change the SSL version for the SSL VPN before version 6.2:

 

config vpn ssl settings
    set sslv3   {enable | disable}   sslv3
    set tlsv1-0 {enable | disable}   Enable/disable TLSv1.0.
    set tlsv1-1 {enable | disable}   Enable/disable TLSv1.1.
    set tlsv1-2 {enable | disable}   Enable/disable TLSv1.2.

 

On 6.2 or above you should use the following to change the SSL version for the SSL VPN:


config vpn ssl setting
set ssl-max-proto-ver xxx
tls1-0 TLS version 1.0.
tls1-1 TLS version 1.1.
tls1-2 TLS version 1.2.
tls1-3 TLS version 1.3.

set ssl-min-proto-ver xxx
tls1-0 TLS version 1.0.
tls1-1 TLS version 1.1.
tls1-2 TLS version 1.2.
tls1-3 TLS version 1.3.

 

Use the following commands to change the SSL Cipher Suite  for the SSL VPN:

 

config vpn ssl settings
    set banned-cipher {option}   Select one or more cipher technologies that cannot be used in SSL-VPN negotiations.
            RSA       Ban the use of cipher suites using RSA key.
            DH        Ban the use of cipher suites using DH.
            DHE       Ban the use of cipher suites using authenticated ephemeral DH key agreement.
            ECDH      Ban the use of cipher suites using ECDH key exchange.
            ECDHE     Ban the use of cipher suites using authenticated ephemeral ECDH key agreement.
            DSS       Ban the use of cipher suites using DSS authentication.
            ECDSA     Ban the use of cipher suites using ECDSA authentication.
            AES       Ban the use of cipher suites using either 128 or 256 bit AES.
            AESGCM    Ban the use of cipher suites AES in Galois Counter Mode (GCM).
            CAMELLIA  Ban the use of cipher suites using either 128 or 256 bit CAMELLIA.
            3DES      Ban the use of cipher suites using triple DES
            SHA1      Ban the use of cipher suites using SHA1.
            SHA256    Ban the use of cipher suites using SHA256.
            SHA384    Ban the use of cipher suites using SHA384.
            STATIC    Ban the use of cipher suites using static keys.

 

Pre FortiOS 5.4, the cipher suites options are only 'low, medium, high' or 'low, medium, default'.

Use the following CLI command:

 

config vpn ssl settings
    set algorithm <cipher_suite>
end

 

where one of the following variables replaces <cipher_suite>:

low        Use any cipher suite; AES, 3DES, RC4, or DES.
medium     Use a 128-bit or greater cipher suite; AES, 3DES, or RC4.
high       Use a cipher suite greater than 128 bits; AES or 3DES.

Or


default    High and medium algorithms.
high       High algorithms.
low        All algorithms.

Notes:

  • It is highly advisable to disable TLS Versions 1.0 and 1.1 as they are officially deprecated protocols and deemed as unsecured. Furthermore, as a best practice, RSA cipher suites should be disabled as well.
  • Removing some of the old ciphers and SSL versions might have an impact on old versions of clients like old browsers or old versions for the client, so verify the SSL version and ciphers supported by clients before making these changes.