FortiGate
FortiGate Next Generation Firewall utilizes purpose-built security processors and threat intelligence security services from FortiGuard labs to deliver top-rated protection and high performance, including encrypted traffic.
rteodorescu
Staff
Staff
Description

This article describes how to make a self-loopback cable to perform HQIP test.

Scope  
 

On FortiGate models, it is necessary to connect a self-loopback cable on some ports during the HQIP test.

 

This request looks like the following CLI output:

 

Network Interface Loopback Test - Please connect ethernet cables:

 WARNING: This test can only pass with factory configurations.

 Please restore factory reset or use port mode to perform the test

 [WAN1 - SELF-LOOPBACK] [WAN2 - Any of PORT1...PORT5]

 To skip this test, please press 'N'.

 

Those cables are often descibed as selfloop or interface test cables.

 

In comparison to normal 'loopback' links, where one NIC is connected with another NIC on the same appliance, the self-loopback does realize the loopback inside the same NIC.

 

It is very easy to create a self-loopback cable or connector plug by yourself.

It is necessary to have a RJ45 connector or an Ethernet cable with a RJ45 connector attached.

 

In the case of the FortiGate HQIP test, it is already enough to connect the following conductor wires:

 

pin 1 <-> pin 3

pin 2 <-> pin 6

 

This is the simpliest version of a four pin self-loopback plug which is used to test interface rx/tx operations on FastEthernet (100mbit/sec) interfaces.

 

To use the plug on appliances from other manufacturers too, that maybe need a higher throughput during testing, it may be needed to create an eight pin self-loopback plug.

 

Those are used to test interface rx/tx operations on GigabitEthernet (1gbit/sec) interfaces. In this case, you need to connect two more wire pairs:

 

pin 1 <-> pin 3

pin 2 <-> pin 6

pin 4 <-> pin 7

pin 5 <-> pin 8

 

An example of a self-made self-loopback cable:

 

loop1.jpg

 

In this case, an old Ethernet Cable is used, removed the cable isolation coat and connected the wires as described above.

 

At the end, a heat shrink tubing is put around it to prevent any short circuits.

 

loop2.png